The Future of Metaphysics in African Philosophy: an Ika- Annang perspective

  • Mendie, Patrick Johnson Department Of Philosophy, university of Calabar
Keywords: African philosophy, Metaphysics, Ika-Annang


Questions about the existence of metaphysics in African philosophy have always amounted to
implicit dismissal and those questions come with the presumption that there is no philosophy in
Africa. This work is an attempt to aptly justify and to strengthen metaphysics in Africa and its
various manifestations in African philosophy. In the history and development of philosophy, the
dominance of western metaphysics has been the central focus of studying philosophy for many
decades in various institutions of learning without reference to African metaphysics. Considering
the weaknesses and criticisms of African metaphysics; this paper argues for the existence of
metaphysics in African philosophy, using Ika Annang worldview and to show that western
metaphysical ideas should not be a model for African Metaphysics. It is posited here that there is
still a future for African metaphysics in philosophy, because metaphysics as one of the core
branches of philosophy is not limited to ethnographic walls and territorial boundaries. Thus, this
paper articulated the following as it concerned the justification for African Metaphysics using the
Ika-Annang metaphysical world-view. They include as follows: meaning and subject-matter of
African metaphysics, some approaches to African metaphysics, problems of metaphysics in
African Philosophy, the future and benefits of metaphysics in African Philosophy. The scope of
this work is based on African metaphysics using Ika-Annang metaphysical world-view. This is
done using philosophical methods of critical analysis and constructive evaluation. This paper
recommends that, metaphysics should not be understood only from the purview of western
metaphysical cultural background, but from various understanding of diferent metaphysical

Author Biography

Mendie, Patrick Johnson, Department Of Philosophy, university of Calabar

Department Of Philosophy, university of Calabar


Asiegbu M.F etal (Eds) (2008) Four
Decades of African Philosophy: Issues
and Perspectives Ibadan: Hope
Publishers Ltd.

Asouzu, I.,(2007) Ikwa Ogwe:
Essential Readings in Complementary
Reflection, a systematic
Methodological Approach,
Calabar:Saesprint Publishers

Asouzu, I.,(2004) The method and
principles of complementary reflection
in and beyond African philosophy,
Calabar: University of Calabar Press.

Asouzu, I.,(2007) Ibuanyidanda: new
complementary ontology beyond
world-immanentism, ethnocentric
reduction and impositions, , Zurich:
Lit Verlag.

Asouzu, I.,(2011)”Ibuanyidanda” and
the philosophy of essence: philosophy,
the missing links of reality, Calabar
:University of Calabar Press.

Asouzu, I.,(2013) Ibuanyidanda
(complementary reflection) and some
basic philosophical problems in Africa
today: sense experience, “ihe mkpuchi
anya” and the super maxim, Zurich:
Lit Verlag.

Etim Francis, (2013) African
Philosophy: The Story so far Uyo:
Comm-Watch Publishers.

Etim Francis, (2013) Metaphysics of
African Medicine: A Reflection on
Philosophy of Medicine Uyo: Comm-
Watch Publishers.

Essien Ephraim Stephen, (2012)
“Agwo Ontology as a Metaphysics of
Man in Annang Philosophy”.
Metaphysics: A Book of Readings
Uduigwomen etal Calabar:Ultimate
Index Book Publishers Ltd.

Hountondji, Paulin J. (1983) African
Philosophy:Myth and Reality. London:
Hutchinson and Co. Publishers

Ijiomah Chris (2014) Harmonious
Monism: A Philosophical Logic of
Explanation for Ontological Issues in
Supernaturalism in African Thought
Calabar: Jochrisam Publishers.

Iroegbu Panteleon,(1995)
Metaphysics: The Kpim of Philosophy
Owerri: International Universities
Press Ltd.

Ochulor,C.L,(2012) “The Necessity of
Metaphysics”. In The Philosophical
Foundation of Society, Religion and
other Disciplines,Ochulor C.L. etal
(eds) Calabar: Focus prints and

Ojong Kyrian A, (2008) A Philosophy
of Science for Africa, Calabar:
University of Calabar Press,

Oladipo Olusegun, (2006) Core Issues
in African Philosophy Ibadan: Hope

Oladipo Olusegun,(2000) The Idea of
African Philosophy: A Critical Study
of the Major Orientations in
Contemporary African Philosophy
Ibadan: Hope Publishers.

Ozumba, G.O.(2010) Philosophy and
Method of Integrative Humanism,
Calabar: Jochrisam Publishers.
AJSIH | ISSN: 2276 – 6928 Vol. 5 | Issue 1 | March 2015 | 383

Ozumba, G. O,(2009) “An
examination of Bodunrin’s: the
question of African Philosophy”. In
From Footmarks to Landmarks on
African Philosophy, Uduigwomen
Andrew F. (ed) Calabar: Jochrisam

Stumpf, Samuel Enoch, (1996)
Socrates to Sartre: A History of
Philosophy, Singapore: Mc Graw-Hill.

Tempels Placide, (1959) Bantu
Philosophy France: Victor Petrus

Uchendu, V.C. (1965) The Igbo of
South Eastern Nigeria. NewYork: Halt
Rinehalth and Winston